A comparative study in the UNCITRAL model law about the independence of the arbitration clause

AutorAtefeh Darami Zadeh - Shapur Farhangpur
CargoDepartment of Private Law Khoramshahr International Branch, Islamic Azad University (Khoramshahr, Iran) - Department of Private Law Khoramshahr International Branch, Islamic Azad University (Khoramshahr, Iran)
Revista de Derecho. Vol. 7 (2018), pp. 37-52. ISSN: 1390-440X eISSN: 1390-7794
Recepción: 13-11-2017. Aceptación: 29-11-2017. Publicación electrónica: 2-2-2018
vol. 7 (2018), p. 37
Atefeh Darami Zadeh*
Shapur Farhangpur**
Abstract: The aim of the paper was to investigate the independence of the
arbitration clause from the main contract in the International Commercial
Arbitration Law of Iran with a comparative study in the UNCITRAL model
law. The effectiveness of this type of procedure, its coordination with the
specific objectives and the special status of international traders has led to
their increasing willingness to use this legal solution. We use a comparative
method, quasi-experimental, to describe similarities and differences in
variables in two or more existing groups in a natural setting; it resembles an
experiment as it uses manipulation but lacks random assignment of
individual subjects. This study begins analyzing international arbitration
and the UNCITRAL model rules (Chapters I to VI), then reviewing the
national arbitration (Chapter V); thus, the effects of the principle of
independence of the arbitration clause can be seen (Chapter VII) and, later,
the problems that arise (Chapters VIII to X). Even so, the main conclusion
is that the parties usually agree to resolve their international disputes through
arbitration, which is judged privately and universally accepted.
Keywords: Arbitration Clause, Arbitration Law, International Law,
UNCITRAL, Independent Judgments
* Department of Private Law Khoramshahr International Branch, Islamic Azad University
(Khoramshahr, Iran). atefehdaramizadeh@yahoo.com
** Department of Private Law Khoramshahr International Branch, Islamic Azad University
(Khoramshahr, Iran). farhangpur@gmail.com
Atefeh Darami Zadeh & Shapur Farhangpur
| v. 7 (2018), p. 38
Resumen: El objetivo del artículo es investigar la independencia de la
cláusula de arbitraje del contrato principal en la Ley de Arbitraje Comercial
Internacional de Irán, comparándolo con la ley modelo de la CNUDMI. La
efectividad de este tipo de procedimiento, su coordinación con ciertos
objetivos y las circunstancias de los comerciantes internacionales han
hecho que se utilice cada vez más esta solución legal. Usamos un método
comparativo, cuasi experimental, para describir similitudes y diferencias
entre las diversas variables que se dan en dos o más grupos existentes en un
entorno natural; es decir, se asemeja a un experimento, ya que utiliza la
manipulación pero carece de asignación aleatoria de individuos
asignaturas. Sobre la estructura, este estudio comienza analizando el
arbitraje internacional y las reglas modelo de la CNUDMI (capítulos I a
VI), para luego revisar el arbitraje nacional (capítulo V); así se pueden ver
los efectos del principio de independencia de la cláusula arbitral (capítulo
VII) y, luego, los problemas que se suscitan (capítulos VIII a X). Aún así, la
principal conclusión es que las partes generalmente acuerdan resolver sus
disputas internacionales a través del arbitraje, que se juzga de manera
privada y universalmente aceptada.
Palabras clave: Cláusula arbitral, ley sobre arbitraje, derecho
internacional, CNUDMI, juicios independientes
Sumary. I. Introduction. II. Rules of Arbitration of the International Chamber of
Commerce. III. UNCITRAL Arbitration Rules. IV. International arbitration
procedure. V. Internal arbitration. VI. International arbitration. VII. The effects of
the principle of independence of the arbitration clause. VIII. Failure of the main
contract on the condition of arbitration. IX. The issue of independence and
separation. X. Conclusions. References.
The history of international trade has started with maritime transport
and maritime commerce, since the old days merchants have shipped their
goods by sea and ship. Initially, exchanges and rental of ships were carried
out on the basis of oral agreements between traders, but due to various
incidents from loading to delivery, there were at least several issues,
including insurance and claims for damages from the shipping company as
well as claims for damages to the buyer from the seller, it became apparent
that it required the existence of a contract. Thus, the first contracts were
signed in the field of maritime transport and between transport operators and

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