Covid-19: Pandemia de violencia doméstica

AutorTatiana Stoianova, Liudmyla Ostrovska, Grygorii Tripulskyir
CargoPh. D., Associate Professor of Department of Civil Procedure of National University «Odesa Law Academy» (Odesa, Ukraine)/Ph. D., Associate Professor of Department of Civil Procedure of National University «Odesa Law Academy» (Odesa, Ukraine)/Ph. D., Associate Professor of Department of Civil Procedure of National University «Odesa Law Academy» ...
Páginas111-136
Revista de Derecho. Vol. 9 (II) (2020), pp. 111-136. ISSN: 1390-440X eISSN: 1390-7794
Recepción: 30-7-2020. Aceptación: 23-8-2020. Publicación electrónica: 30-8-2020
https://doi.org/10.31207/ih.v9i2.246
vol. 9 (II) (2020), p. 111
COVID-19: PANDEMIC OF DOMESTIC VIOLENCE
COVID-19: PANDEMIA DE VIOLENCIA DOMÉSTICA
Tatiana Stoianova*
Liudmyla Ostrovska**
Grygorii Tripulskyir***
Abstract: The article is devoted to the analysis of domestic violence in the
context of Covid-19. The research is carried out for the first time in the focus
of several sciences: psychology, sociology, and jurisprudence. To study the
legal regulation of domestic violence, knowledge from different branches of
law was used: international, criminal, administrative, and civil procedural
law. Attention was paid to the historical retrospectivehow the concept of
domestic violence first appeared at the world level, and how it was
differentiated and implemented in the national legislation of the participating
countries. The problems of signing the Istanbul Agreement are highlighted.
Special attention was paid to the current wave of domestic violence as a
result of the Covid-19 pandemic. The prerequisites of a general
psychological, social, and economic nature, their interdependence, and
connection with the pandemic were investigated. The scale of the scourge of
domestic violence in the context of a pandemic in different countries is
indicated, and its short-term and long-term consequences for the well-being
of the nation. The specific mechanisms for preventing family violence at
* Ph. D., Associate Professor of Department of Civil Procedure of National University
«Odesa Law Academy» (Odesa, Ukr aine). https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9696-6701.
stoyanova_t_a@online.ua
** Ph. D., Associate Professor of Department of Civil Procedure of National University
«Odesa Law Academy» (Odesa, Ukr aine). https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4946-4044.
freebee28@gmail.com
** Ph. D., Associate Professor of Department of Civil Procedure of National University
«Odesa Law Academy» (Odesa, Ukraine). https://orcid.org /0000-0003-2251-497X.
tripulskyy@gmail.com
Tatiana Stoianova, Liudmyla Ostrovska & Grygorii Tripulskyi
| v. 9 (II) (2019), p. 112
three levels are considered: general criminogenic, a comprehensive
mechanism for preventing violence at the level of interaction between the
state and public organizations, and directly special means. The study
concludes that Covid-19 pandemic has a direct impact on the exacerbation
of domestic violence. The solutions are proposed, from legislative
amendments to the redistribution of state and public forces to address the
problem of domestic violence.
Keywords: Domestic Violence, Restraining Order, Covid-19, Self-
isolation, Quarantine
Resumen: El artículo analiza la violencia doméstica en el contexto del
Covid-19. La investigación se lleva a cabo por primera vez en el enfoque de
varias ciencias: psicología, sociología y jurisprudencia. Para el estudio de
la regulación legal de la violencia intrafamiliar se utilizaron conocimientos
de diferentes ramas del derecho: derecho internacional, penal,
administrativo y procesal civil. Se prestó atención a la retrospectiva
histórica: cómo apareció por primera vez el concepto de violencia
doméstica a nivel mundial y cómo fue diferenciado e implementado en la
legislación nacional de los países participantes. Se destacan los problemas
de la firma del Acuerdo de Estambul y a la ola actual de violencia doméstica
que ha resultado por la pandemia Covid-19. Se investigaron los requisitos
previos de naturaleza psicológica, social y económica general, su
interdependencia y conexión con la pandemia, indicando la magnitud del
flagelo de la violencia doméstica en diferentes países y sus consecuencias a
corto y largo plazo para el bienestar general. Se consideran los mecanismos
específicos de prevención de la violencia intrafamiliar en tres niveles:
criminógeno general, mecanismo integral de prevención de la violencia
donde interactúan el Estado y las organizaciones públicas, y otros medios
directamente especiales. El estudio concluye que la pandemia de Covid-19
tiene un impacto directo en la exacerbación de la violencia doméstica. Se
proponen las soluciones, desde enmiendas legislativas hasta la
redistribución de fuerzas estatales y públicas para abordar el problema de
la violencia doméstica.
Palabras clave: Violencia doméstica, orden de restricción, Covid-19,
autoaislamiento, cuarentena
Summary. I. Introduction. II. Methodology. I II. Analysis of recent research. IV.
Results and discussion. IV.1. International and National Legal Doctrine to Prevent
Domestic Violence by the Time of the Covid-19 Pandemic. IV.2. Exacerbation of

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