La fase administrativa de la adopción en Ecuador y los derechos de niños, niñas y adolescentes

AutorMorelia Cedeño Zambrano, Richard Augusto Proaño Mosquera
CargoStudent at the Universidad Laica Vicente Rocafuerte/Lecturer at the Universidad Laica Vicente Rocafuerte
Páginas211-245
Cedeño, M; Proaño, R. The administrative phase of adoption in Ecuador
211
Revista Facultad de Jurisprudencia RFJ No.11 Junio 2022
The administrative phase of adoption in Ecuador
and the rights of children and adolescents
La fase administrativa de la adopción en Ecuador y los
derechos de niños, niñas y adolescentes
Morelia Cedeño Zambrano
Universidad Laica Vicente Rocafuerte
City: Guayaquil
Country: Ecuador
Richard Augusto Proaño Mosquera
Universidad Laica Vicente Rocafuerte
City: Guayaquil
Country: Ecuador
Original article (analysis)
RFJ, No. 11, 2022, pp. 211 - 245, ISSN 2588-0837
ABSTRACT: This research is based on the information obtained
from the studies carried out in the administrative phase of the
adoption process, which takes place in the Ministry of Economic
and Social Inclusion (MIES) in the city of Guayaquil. In which it
is possible to analyse in-depth the process that is carried out in
this institution, in terms of the time it takes to finalise the process
in this phase, and in this way to be able to determine whether a
legislative reform would be necessary, which would allow many
children and adolescents to have a family, guaranteeing their
rights that are included in our Magna Carta. Analysing in detail
the results obtained, it can be determined that the knowledge
of the administrative phase of adoption is partial, as well as the
dissatisfaction of the applicants to the adoption process, who
are somewhat dissatisfied with the delay in the process. It is for
this reason that I would like to express the need to propose a
DOI 10.26807/rfj.v11i11.360
Cedeño, M; Proaño, R. The administrative phase of adoption in Ecuador
212
Revista Facultad de Jurisprudencia RFJ No.11 Junio 2022
legislative reform to the Code for Children and Adolescents, so
that the administrative phase can be carried out legally within
a timeframe determined by law, thus ensuring that the rights of
children and adolescents are respected.
KEYWORDS: Law, adoption, family, children.
RESUMEN: Ese artículo se la ha realizado en base a la
información obtenida de los estudios realizados, en la fase
administrativa del proceso de adopción, que se ventila en
el Ministerio de Inclusión Económica y Social (MIES) de la
ciudad de Guayaquil. En la cual se logra analizar a profundidad
el trámite que se realiza en dicha institución, en cuanto a los
tiempos que se lleva para poder finalizar el proceso en dicha
fase y de esta forma poder determinar si sería necesario una
reforma legislativa, la cual permita a muchos niños, niñas y
adolescentes, tener una familia, garantizando sus derechos que
se encuentran inmiscuidos en nuestra Carta Magna. Analizando
a detalle los resultados obtenidos, se puede determinar que
el conocimiento de la fase administrativa de la adopción es
parcial, así también como la inconformidad de los postulantes al
proceso de adopción, que se encuentran un poco inconformes
por la demora del trámite. Es por esta razón que manifiesto
la necesidad de proponer una reforma legislativa al Código
de la Niñez y Adolescencia, para que de esta manera la fase
administrativa se desarrolle legalmente en un tiempo que la ley
determine y de esta forma haciendo respetar los derechos de
los niños, niñas y adolescentes.
PALABRAS CLAVE: Derecho, adopción, familia, niñez.
JEL CODE: H31, K23.
Cedeño, M; Proaño, R. The administrative phase of adoption in Ecuador
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Revista Facultad de Jurisprudencia RFJ No.11 Junio 2022
INTRODUCTION
At present, adoption as a legal figure is included in the
Code for Children and Adolescents, as an important tool to
guarantee the rights of children and adolescents, one of which is
to be able to find a family according to the needs of the child or
adolescent who is in the process of adoptability (abandonment).
The procedure for the adoption process is carried out by the
Ministry of Economic and Social Inclusion (MIES), which can
be a bit lengthy for some families or individuals, due to various
factors.
This adoption process in our country, our Code for
Children and Adolescents, establishes that there are two stages
to begin, one of which is the administrative phase. This phase,
which is not legally regulated by terms or deadlines in our
Code, tends to produce delays during the process, which does
not allow it to be agile, thus violating the rights of children and
adolescents to have a family.
This article has brought together various legal,
conceptual, normative, doctrinal, and comparative arguments,
which have led me to analyse the existing problem in depth.
In the same way, I detail the methods and techniques
used to carry out this research, which led me to give the results
obtained from them, which consist of the opinions obtained
from officials of the Ministry of Economic and Social Inclusion
(MIES), based on questions based on the proposed research,
where I proceed to verify my objectives and hypotheses set out
in this research.
Taking into account the information obtained from the
interviews and surveys, we proceed to present the pertinent
conclusions and recommendations, to finally develop the
proposal for legislative reform to our Code of Childhood
and Adolescence, with the sole objective of making the

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