Is the Current System of Criminal Procedure of Iran Efficient?

Autor:Mehdi Fazli - Jalaleddin Ghiasi - Mohammad Khalil Salehi
Cargo:Ph.D. candidate in Criminal Law and Criminology, Qom University, Faculty of Law, Qom (Iran) - Associate professor in Criminal Law and Criminology, Qom University, Faculty of Law, Qom (Iran) - Assistant professor in criminal law and criminology, Qom University, Faculty of Law, Qom (Iran)
Páginas:67-87
Revista de Derecho. Vol. 7 (2018), pp. 67-87. ISSN: 1390-440X eISSN: 1390-7794
Recepción: 8-11-2016. Aceptación: 29-11-2016. Publicación electrónica: 3-2-2018
vol. 7 (2018), p. 67
IS THE CURRENT SYSTEM OF CRIMINAL PROCEDURE
OF IRAN EFFICIENT?
¿ES EFICIENTE EL ACTUAL SISTEMA PROCESAL PENAL DE IRÁN?
Mehdi Fazli*
Jalaleddin Ghiasi**
Mohammad Khalil Salehi***
Abstract: This paper is a study about the efficiency of the criminal system
designed in the new Criminal Procedure Code of Iran, that came into effect
on June 22, 2015. Notwithstanding the notable legislator’s efforts,
infrastructural and structural reforms have not been carried out.
Accordingly, it is not expected to be as efficient as the previous laws due to
the lack of fundamental reforms; reforms caused the improvement in “low-
level efficiency” (saving resources in the economic sense) rather than in the
“high-level” one (saving resources plus developing more justice). The
analysis of the efficiency of the Code and proposal of fundamental reforms
for having a high-level efficient Criminal Law in Iran are the main objectives
of this paper. After an introduction (Chapters I and II), we made a historical
approach of the Iranian system in this matter (Chapter III). Then, we analyze
three types of efficiency (Chapter IV), attending to some infrastructural
elements, some structural factors and other procedural aspects. At last, we
synthetize four conclusions (Chapter V). Main conclusion is that efficiency in
the system of criminal procedure would be only on low-level.
Keywords: Criminal Law, Procedural Law, Legal System, Courts System,
Corruption
* Ph.D. candidate in Criminal Law and Criminology, Qom University, Faculty of Law, Qom
(Iran). mrmfazli@yahoo.com
** Associate professor in Criminal Law and Criminology, Qom University, Faculty of Law,
Qom (Iran). jalaleddin.ghiasi12@gmail.com
*** Assistant professor in criminal law and criminology, Qom University, Faculty of Law,
Qom (Iran). mohammad.khalil.s@gmail.com
Mehdi Fazli, Jalaleddin Ghiasi & Mohammad Khalil Salehi
| v. 7 (2018), p. 68
Resumen: Este artículo contiene un estudio sobre la eficiencia del sistema
penal diseñado en el nuevo Código de Procedimiento Penal de Irán, que
entró en vigor el 22 de junio de 2015. A pesar de los notables esfuerzos del
legislador, no se han llevado a cabo las reformas estructurales y
estructurales necesarias. En consecuencia, no se espera que sea tan
eficiente como las leyes anteriores debido a la falta de reformas
fundamentales; las reformas causaron la mejora en la eficiencia de bajo
nivel (ahorro de recursos en el sentido económico) más que en la de alto
nivel (ahorrar recursos y desarrollar más justicia). El análisis de la
eficiencia del Código y la propuesta de reformas fundamentales para contar
con un Derecho Penal altamente eficiente en Irán son los principales
objetivos de este documento. Después de una introducción (capítulos I y II),
se da el enfoque histórico del sistema iraní en esta materia (capítulo III).
Luego, se analizan tres tipos de eficiencia (en el capítulo IV), atendiendo
algunos elementos, como la infraestructura, los factores estructurales y
otros relacionados con el procedimiento. Finalmente, sintetizamos lo
revisado en cuatro conclusiones (en el capítulo V). La principal conclusión
es que la eficiencia en el sistema de procedimiento penal solo se hará a bajo
nivel.
Palabras clave: derecho penal, derecho procesal, ordenamiento jurídico,
sistema judiciario, corrupción
Sumario. I. Introduction. II. An introduction to the efficiency of the system of
criminal procedure. II.1. Infrastructural factors. II.2. Structural factors. II.3.
Procedural factors. a) Preventive measures. b) Accelerating measures. c)
Terminating measures. III. Historical review of the iranian system of criminal
procedure. IV. Efficency of new criminal procedure code. IV.1. Efficiency by
improving infrastructural factors. a) Magistrates. b) Courts Staff. c) Police Staff.
d) Corruption in Judiciary. IV.2. Efficiency through improving structural factors.
a) Applying market economy thoughts to the CPC. b) Decreasing Formalism. c)
Increasing specialized authorities. d) Multiple Magistrates (Judicial Panel). e)
Cross-examination in Criminal Trials. f) Privatization. IV.3. Efficiency through
improving procedural factors. a) Preventive Measures. b) Accelerating Measures.
c) Terminative Measures. V. Conclusions. Referencias.
I. INTRODUCTION
The new Criminal Procedure Code of Iran (hereafter “the Code”) was
enacted in two parts in two different times. The first part, which includes

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