Responsabilidad por violación de cuarentena: novedades de la legislación administrativa y penal

AutorSergii Starodubov, Viktoriia Vladyshevska, Maryna Pyzhova
CargoPh.D., Acting Dean of the Faculty of Prosecutor's Office and Investigation (Criminal Justice), Associate Professor of Criminal Procedure of National 'Odesa Law Academy,' Odesa (Ukraine)/Ph.D., Assistant of Department of Judiciary, Law Enforcement Authorities and Advocacy, National University 'Odesa Law Academy,' Odesa (Ukraine)/Ph.D., Associate...
Páginas137-158
Revista de Derecho. Vol. 9 (II) (2020), pp. 137-158. ISSN: 1390-440X eISSN: 1390-7794
Recepción: 10-7-2020. Aceptación: 11-8-2020. Publicación electrónica: 11-9-2020
https://doi.org/10.31207/ih.v9i2.247
vol. 9 (II) (2020), p. 137
LIABILITY FOR VIOLATION OF QUARANTINE:
NOVELTIES OF ADMINISTRATIVE AND CRIMINAL
LEGISLATION
RESPONSABILIDAD POR VIOLACIÓN DE CUARENTENA: NOVEDADES DE LA LEGISLACIÓN
ADMINISTRATIVA Y PENAL
Sergii Starodubov*
Viktoriia Vladyshevska**
Maryna Pyzhova***
Abstract: Public legislation has long failed to meet such large-scale
challenges as the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic. In emergencies, to protect the
lives and health of the population, it is necessary to promptly make decisions
on the legal regulation of public relations that have developed due to the
spread of Covid-19. For this purpose, the state has created legal mechanisms
that are designed to ensure compliance with the rule of law and which need
the scientific-legal assessment. The objective of the work is to analyze the
novelties of administrative and criminal legislation, which regulate the
liability for violation of quarantine. The object of research is the norms of
administrative and criminal law. The subject of the study is public relations
that have developed as a result of the introduction of quarantine and which
are governed by administrative and criminal law. To achieve this goal, the
* Ph.D., Acting Dean of the Faculty of Prosecutors Office and Investigation (Criminal
Justice), Associate Professor of Criminal Procedure of National “Odesa Law Academy,”
Odesa (Ukraine). https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2328-1063. svstar2705@ukr.net
** Ph.D., Assistant of Department of Judiciary, Law Enforcement Authorities and
Advocacy, National University “Odesa Law Academy,” Odesa (Ukraine).
https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9666-5995. viktoriia.vladyshevska@onua.edu.ua
*** Ph.D., Associate Professor of the Department of Legal Sciences of the Institute of
Management and Law of Yaroslav Mudryi National Law Univer sity, Kharkiv (Ukraine).
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3652-5581. pyzhova91@gmail.com
Sergii Starodubov, Viktoriia Vladyshevska & Maryna Pyzhova
| v. 9 (II) (2019), p. 138
situation in foreign countries was firstly analyzed; general patterns were
identified; alternative solutions were proposed, with a minimum restriction
of human rights and freedoms. Then, the novelties of the national legislation
were studied in more detail; additional specific problems were identified;
and a more balanced legislative policy was proposed. As a result of the
study, the current state of legal regulation in the areas of administrative and
criminal law related to quarantine violations was analyzed; the liability for
such offenses was characterized; some conclusions regarding the existing
related problems were made and options for their solution were proposed, as
well as propositions for modernization of legislation were made.
Keywords: Coronavirus, Quarantine, Offense, Liability, Fine
Resumen: La legislación pública no ha logrado enfrentar desafíos a gran
escala como pandemia del SARS-CoV-2. En emergencias, para proteger la
vida y la salud de la población, es necesario regular pronto las cuestiones
desarrolladas debido a la propagación del Covid-19. Para ello, el estado
ha creado algunos mecanismos para asegurar el cumplimiento del estado
de derecho y que necesitan la valoración científico-legal. El propósito del
trabajo es analizar las novedades de la legislación administrativa y penal,
que regulan la responsabilidad por violación de la cuarentena. El objeto de
la investigación son las normas del derecho administrativo y penal. El tema
del estudio son las relaciones públicas que se han desarrollado como
resultado de la introducción de la cuarentena y que se rigen por el derecho
administrativo y penal. Para lograr este objetivo, se analizó en primer lugar
la regulación en el derecho comparado; se identificaron patrones
generales; se propusieron soluciones alternativas, con una mínima
restricción de los derechos humanos y las libertades. Luego, se estudiaron
con más detalle las novedades de la legislación nacional; se identificaron
problemas específicos adicionales; y se propuso una política legislativa más
equilibrada. Como resultado del estudio, se analizó el estado actual de la
regulación legal en las áreas de derecho administrativo y penal
relacionados con las infracciones de cuarentena; la responsabilidad
caracterizada por tales delitos; y se sacaron conclusiones sobre los
problemas existentes, además de proponer algunas soluciones que pueden
modernizar la legislación.
Palabras clave: Coronavirus, Cuarentena, Delito, Responsabilidad, Multa

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